What You Need to Know About Incorporation in Canada

Sep 29, 2023

If you’re curious about how to establish a business in Canada, it’s crucial to examine the pertinent inquiries regarding its process. Familiarize yourself with the contrast between provincial and federal incorporation in Canada, as well as the steps involved in incorporating your business in a specific province or territory.


Frequently Asked Questions About Incorporation in Canada

Find fast answers to frequently asked questions regarding the process of establishing a business as a legal entity in Canada. For more in-depth explanations about each subject, click the provided links.

What does incorporation mean?

Incorporation entails creating a distinct legal entity for a business, separating its finances from those of its owners. It varies from other business structures like sole proprietorships and partnerships. Discover the pros and cons of incorporation.

How can you incorporate your business in Canada?

The procedure involves more than simply selecting a corporate name. You’ll need to prepare and file various incorporation documents, with the option to incorporate either federally or provincially.

What are the different kinds of corporations in Canada?

Not all Canadian corporations are subject to the same corporate tax regulations. Canadian-controlled private corporations have tax advantages that other types of Canadian corporations do not possess. It’s crucial to understand these distinctions and how they can impact your own business.

What are the distinctions between federal and provincial incorporation?

When choosing to incorporate in Canada, you must decide whether to incorporate at the federal level or establish your corporation in a specific province or territory. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages. Explore the specific details for each province or territory, including Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.

How much does it cost to incorporate?

The costs vary depending on whether you opt for federal incorporation or provincial incorporation. Before making your decision, compare the costs associated with each.

What is a NUANS search and why is it necessary?

A NUANS search is a comprehensive registry in Canada that showcases corporations, business names, and trademarks similar to the name you are searching for. Regardless of where you incorporate your new company, you will need to conduct at least one NUANS search during the incorporation process because one of the benefits of incorporation is the protection it offers for your business name.

Can you establish an LLC in Canada?

While LLCs are a popular form of incorporation in the United States, the United Kingdom, Mexico, and other countries, Canada does not have an equivalent corporate structure.

What does extra-provincial incorporation entail?

Incorporating in one province or a foreign jurisdiction, such as the United States, does not automatically grant you the right to conduct business across Canada. In many cases, different provinces and territories require corporations incorporated elsewhere to register with them and pay a fee before conducting business within their jurisdiction.

What qualifies as doing business in provinces where you are not incorporated?

Depending on your intended business activities, you may not be obliged to register in other provinces where you plan to conduct business. Even if registration is required, the process can be straightforward if the two provinces have reciprocal agreements for business registration.

How do you allocate shares for a new corporation?

There are multiple approaches to establishing the share structure of a corporation, depending on factors such as the number of owners, dividend requirements, taxation, estate considerations, and other relevant factors. Determining this is necessary, even if you are setting up a corporation with only one owner.

Salary or dividends: How should you pay yourself?

There is no simple answer to this question, as it depends on various factors, and making the right choice is crucial to avoid potential tax implications. Gain insights into the advantages and disadvantages of different methods for withdrawing profits from your corporation, and consider suggestions for creating the most favorable tax scenario for yourself.


CBES is here to assist you; feel free to contact us for expert guidance.


You can find Contracts and Documents for Business Owners in Canada here https://www.businessdocs.ca/



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